Frequent times you may hear leather names and descriptions that you might not fully understand, here is a definition of the most popular leather qualities that you might hear
FULL GRAIN LEATHER
Leather should show the natural markings and grain characteristics of the animal from which it was taken, just as the grain, texture, and markings of wood should reveal the essence of the tree from which it was taken. Clear, clean, and supple upholstery leathers are the finest. They're also dyed with clear aniline dyes all the way through. "Total grain lean" refers to the fact that the natural grain is preserved in its entirety.
TOP GRAIN LEATHER
“Top grain", is the definition that's for the most part utilized when the calfskin is buffed or treated. The way better the quality of stow away or skin, the less it has got to be treated. The characteristic grain varieties ought to be uncovered. One ought to see the "fat wrinkles" and the feel, or hand, ought to be supple and common to the touch. So when choosing your leather, make beyond any doubt it looks normal, smells great, and contains a delicate hand.
Cheaper leathers have an imitation grain pressed or embossed into the surface. They are stiff and "boardy" with a heavy coating of pigmentation to cover up imperfections and they look and feel like plastic.
Only the finest hides in the world fall in this category. Lovers of truly natural products are particular fond of these leathers. Through the years this type of leather develops a patina which adds to its value as a focal point in any room. Only 5% of the total world hide supply fall in this category.-Only "A" grade hides meet this criteria.
Some of the finest hides in the world fall in this category. The only difference is a slightly lower selection of hides can be used here. A slight protective finish is applied by roller or in the tannage to give the leather some serviceability. The dye permeates the entire hide and results in a soft, rich colour.
These leathers are processed a little more, first by aniline dying in large drums like the leathers above, but then also finished on top. Spray pigments of color are applied to the tops of the hides to even out the finish and camouflage natural occurring imperfections. These leathers are light resistant and scratch resistant and are easily cleaned.